(Check your local listings)
A cautionary tale of freak accidents, near misses, human fallibility, and extraordinary heroism, “Command and Control” exposes the terrifying truth about the management of America’s nuclear arsenal and shows what can happen when the weapons built to protect us threaten to destroy us. The film recounts, in chilling, minute-by-minute detail, the story of a deadly 1980 accident at a Titan II missile complex in Damascus, Arkansas. Through the first-person accounts of Air Force personnel, weapon designers and first responders who were on the scene, the film reveals the unlikely chain of events that caused the accident and the feverish efforts to prevent the explosion of a ballistic missile carrying the most powerful nuclear warhead ever built by the United States — 600 times more powerful than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima. Directed by Academy Award-nominated filmmaker Robert Kenner (Food Inc.) and based on the critically acclaimed book of the same title by Eric Schlosser (Fast Food Nation), “Command and Control” premieres on American Experience Tuesday, January 10, 2017, 9:00-11:00 p.m. ET (check local listings) on PBS.
On the evening of September 18, 1980, Airmen David F. Powell and Jeffrey L. Plumb were performing routine maintenance at the Titan II silo in Damascus, Arkansas. At the age of 21, Powell was considered a highly experienced missile technician; Plumb, who had just turned 19, was still in training. As the two stood on a platform near the top of the Titan II, a socket fell from Powell’s wrench, plummeted 70 feet and, shockingly, punctured the missile. A stream of highly explosive rocket fuel began pouring into the silo.
Nothing like this had ever happened to a Titan II before and the Air Force had no procedures in place to deal with the event. For the next eight hours, the leadership of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) frantically struggled to figure out how to prevent a massive explosion and retain control of the thermonuclear warhead — a weapon so powerful that it could destroy much of Arkansas and deposit lethal radioactive fallout across the East Coast.
“The story of the Damascus accident is one that nobody really knows, and in fact, I’m not sure anybody’s supposed to know,” said Mark Samels, producer of “Command and Control” and American Experience executive producer. “As safe and secure and as well-designed and well-operated as our nuclear weapons system may be, it’s subject to the x-factor. And the x-factor is human fallibility. The most powerful weapons that we’ve ever created as human beings have a threat built into them. And that threat is us.”
“Today the U.S. still has approximately 7,000 nuclear weapons. “Command and Control” teaches us that these weapons not only pose a threat to our enemies, but also to ourselves,” said Kenner. “After an accident, everyone will be asking why we didn’t do something. We need to be asking these questions before it’s too late.”
Woven through the Damascus story is a riveting history of America’s nuclear weapons program, from World War II through the Cold War, much of it based on recently declassified documents. A cautionary tale filmed in an abandoned Titan II missile silo in Arizona, “Command and Control” forces viewers to confront the great dilemma that the U.S. has faced since the dawn of the nuclear age: How do we manage weapons of mass destruction without being destroyed by them?
The Participants, in Alphabetical Order
Harold Brown was U.S. Secretary of Defense from 1977 to 1981.
Lieutenant Allan D. Childers was the deputy commander of the Titan II Missile Combat Crew in Damascus, Arkansas.
Senior Airman Greg Devlin was on Propellant Transfer System Team B.
Mona Harper was a Damascus resident at the time of the accident.
Staff Sergeant Rodney L. Holder was the ballistic missile systems analyst technician responsible for keeping the Titan II at Damascus ready to launch.
Sam Hutto is a dairy farmer whose land was across from the Damascus missile site.
Sid King was the 27-year old manager of a local radio station in nearby Clinton, Arkansas.
Bud Laumer was an airman on duty at the Titan II Missile complex in Damascus.
Col. John T. Moser was commander of the 308th Strategic Missile Wing at the Little Rock Command Post.
Bob Peurifoy was an engineer who joined the nuclear weapons-building Sandia Laboratory in 1952 and subsequently became its leading advocate for nuclear weapon safety.
Airman Jeffrey L. Plumb was a 19-year-old on Propellant Transfer System Team A at the Titan II Missile complex in Damascus.
Senior Airman David Powell was a 21-year-old Titan II repairman on Propellant Transfer System Team A in Damascus.
David H. Pryor was a U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1979 to 1997.
James L. “Skip” Rutherford III was a staffer in the Little Rock office of Arkansas Senator David H. Pryor.
Senior Airman James R. Sandaker was a young missile technician on Propellant Transfer System
Col. Ben G. Scallorn was a Titan II expert at the Eighth Air Force at Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana.
Eric Schlosser is the author of The New York Times bestseller Command and Control.
Bill Stevens (deceased) was an engineer who became the first head of Sandia’s nuclear safety department.